Kuehne Chemical Company
Kuehne Chemical Co. is a chlor-alkali bleach manufacturer and reseller of the following products: chlorine and caustic soda, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine, arsenic, boron, carbon, phosphorus, selenium, silicon, sulfur, tellurium, astatine, bromine, and iodine.
Formerly known as Chloramone Corporation, the River Road facility was acquired by Kuehne Chemical Company in 1989, and was expanded in 1998.
The site is regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency under the Resource Recovery and Conservation Act as a hazardous waste generator, and under the Clean Air Act, requiring a Title V Permit.
Coastal Zone Act
Portions of the facility precede the 1971 Coastal Zone Act and are exempted from regulations. However, in the past few decades, the facility has expanded operations, for which it has received Coastal Zone Permits.
2011 EPA Consent Agreement and Fine
In December 2011 Kuehne Chemical Co. was issued a Consent Agreement and Final order by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in proceedings under the Toxic Substance Control Act, for failure to notify the EPA about the chemicals manufactured at the Delaware City facility, as well as Kuehne Chemical Co.’s South Kearney facility in New Jersey. The civil penalty issued to Kuehne Chemical Co. was $43,000.
2012 OSHA Citation and Penalty
In February 2012 Kuehne Chemical Co. was issued $73,660 in fines for violations of Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations for failure to maintain a safe workplace, which placed facility workers at risk, as well as failure to perform inspections of equipment and operate equipment properly.
Toxics Release Inventory for Chlorine
Kuehne Chemical Co. files Toxics Release Inventory reports with the EPA for Chlorine emissions to air and water. Fugitive and stack air emissions at the facility over the past five years have approached 1000 pounds per year.
Health Effects of Chlorine Exposure
The Agency for Toxics Substances and Disease Control warns about the health effects of exposure to chlorine, including: irritation to eyes, nose and throat; chest pain, vomiting, changes and breathing; and lung injury.